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Carl Jung

Carl Jung was born on 26 July 1875 as Karl Gustav II Jung in Kesswil in the Swiss canton of Thurgau. He died on June 6, 1961 in Küsnacht.

Carl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychologist. He was the founder of analytical psychology. His father, Paul Jung, was village pastor of the Swiss Reformed Church, and his mother Emilie was a scion of a wealthy Swiss family. When Carl was six months old his father was assigned a better parish in Laufen and the family moved. Meanwhile, the tension grew between Paul and Emilie. Emilie, who was an eccentric and depressed woman, spent a lot of time in her own separate bedroom, where she says spirits came to visit her at nights.

Carl Jung Just before he took his exam for his medical degree, he took into his hands the Lehrbuch der Psychiatrie Psychiatry by Richard von Krafft-Ebing and that changed his life. He decided to graduate in psychiatry.

Jung himself was pretty lonely and introverted as a child - a phrase he himself would add to psychology. His discovery of the psychological archetypes and the collective unconscious were partly inspired by the experiences from his childhood .

Jung describes Sigmund Freud (who was 20 years older) in his autobiography as the first man he met with a truly great significance. However, from the beginning he had doubts about Freud's idea that all neuroses could be traced to sexual repression or sexual trauma. Jung saw sexuality primarily as a symbol of the psychic totality of man. His method of getting people back on the track of this totality turn, would be known as analytical psychology.

He believed that the essence of the personality, except by personal consciousness also, and largely formed by what he called the collective unconscious, as it were epigenetically inherited part of the unconscious, a psychic field, according to his doctrine by all representatives of a race or species is shared. On this basis Jung developed the theory of archetypes.

Jung is perhaps most known for his typology. In his book Psychologische typen he worked out four basic types of human personality. He suggested taking contrasting positions opposite to each other: thinking and feeling, perception (perception) and intuition, each function as it were, the pole of a circle, which symbolises the self. One of the poles at each base type is dominant, it is our 'superior function. An additional, important factor is that the psyche inside (introverted) or out (outgoing) is addressed. The typology is the basis for the MBTI.

See his video video

Booktips

Psychological types - C.G. Jung
More books of Carl Jung.



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